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Difference Between Science and Technology

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Difference between science and technology

The difference between Science and Technology is apparent and obvious for some people, while some find it difficult to understand. If this is your first time exploring or want to know the difference between Science and Technology, they may not have any difference in your thought.

However, Science and Technology have some differences that if someone could not think deeply about it, it may look like there is no difference between the two. But, do not worry, I have got you covered in this article. This article will guide you through understanding the difference between science and technology.

Difference between science and technology

Difference between science and technology

To understand the difference between Science and Technology, you need to know and understand what science and technology are, which I have covered in the following paragraphs.


What is Science?

Science is usually defined as the observation, description, identification, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of natural phenomena. Science methodology includes Objective observation, Evidence, Experiment, Repetition, Critical analysis, Verification, and testing.

Science is the method of discovering what is happening within the universe; how things work now, how they performed in the past, and how they’re likely to operate in the future. Scientists are driven by the excitement of finding or understanding things that no one else has ever before.

The information gathered by science is reliable and robust. It can be utilized to create new technology and treatments for diseases and tackle various types of issues.

Branches of Science. Science branches are many, but I will mention the significant science components in this article.

The major constituents of science

  1. Earth Science
  2. This is defined as a field of natural science that deals with the materials of the earth and the atmosphere.

  3. Physical Science
  4. This is defined as a branch of science that involves the study of inorganic materials ( materials that are not living things). Physical science is used to discover how matter and other universal phenomena work.Physical science has several types: Physics, Chemistry, and astronomy.

  5. Life Science
  6. This is a branch of science that deals with the study of organic things ( the living things). This branch of science can be used to understand the whole world, such as plants and animals.


What is Technology?

Technology can be defined as the application of scientific knowledge. For example, machinery, many pieces of equipment, and many other technology products are developed by applying scientific knowledge. Technology usually involves new tools for doing things.

One example of this is the internet, which makes up-to-date information accessible to everyone who has access to it in seconds and gives the latest information on happenings worldwide.

Another excellent example of technology is the invention of products developed in the space program that have enabled scientists and engineers to use different products and materials to manufacture.

Types of Technology

  1. Electronic Technology
  2. This is a type of technology that can be defined as the application of scientific principles and theories in the production, installation, testing, and use of electrical and electronic parts.

    Electronic technology includes Digital electronics, Analogue Electronics, Circuit Design, Microelectronics, Power electronics, Semiconductor devices, Optoelectronics, and many more.

    Examples of Electronic technology

    Televisions, the internet, cell phones, computers, software, audio and visual technology, etc.

  3. Industrial and Manufacturing Technology
  4. This is a science that deals with modern science, production, and engineering that helps in industrial production and manufacturing processes.

    There are four main types of manufacturing technology: castling and moulding, machining, joining, and sheering and forming.

  5. Mechanical Technology
  6. This is a type of technology that encompass the making of mechanical parts such as wheels, gears, belts, cams, levers, and engines to transmit motion.

    Mechanical technology plays a massive role in modern life; it makes life better than ever before. Gear systems in a car, latch on a door, and brakes on a bicycle are examples of mechanical technology.

Read also: Top 5 benefits of technology in the classroom
Read also: Top 8 reasons why technology is good

Benefits of science and technology in our daily life

  • It makes a living more comfortable than ever before.
  • It assists in organizing our daily activities.
  • It makes our work to be done faster.
  • It helps to communicate easily with others.
  • It helps to travel faster and more efficiently than ever before.
  • It helps in spreading information faster.
  • It helps in the educational field.
  • It helps in creating a lot of valuable machines.
  • It assists in agriculture.

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